The following books and articles were used in preparing parts of this Web page. Other information has come from "private communications" with knowledgeable individuals.


Allen, Paula Gunn, Grandmothers of the Light, Beacon Press, 1991

Asimov, I., 1982, Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Doubleday

Ed: Barnstone, Aliki and Barnstone, Willis, Women Poets from antiquity to now. Schocken Books, NY 1980

Biggs, Mary 1st Columbia Book of Quotations by Women. Columbia U Press, 1996

ed: Conway, Jil Ker, Written by Herself ISBN 0-679-73633-6

Carmody, Denise Lardner Mythological Woman, Crossword Publishing Co., 1992

Ehrenberg, Margaret Women in Prehistory, , U. Oklahoma Press, 1989

Fanthan E. et al, Women in the Classical World, Oxford U Press. 1994

Gornick, Vivian Women In Science, Portraits from a world in transition, Simon and Schuster, Inc, NY,1983

Greenspan, Karen The Timetables of Women's History, Simon amd Schuster, 1994

Hoffleit, Dorrit, 1994, The Education of American Women Astronomers Before 1960, Cambridge, The American Association of Variable Star Observers.

Howard, Sethanne, 2008, The Hidden Giants, Lulu Press.

Jacks, Guida M. Women who ruled, Barnes and Noble, 1990

ed: G. Kass-Simon, Patricia Farnes, Women of Science Righting the record, 1993, Indiana University Press

Ed: Keith, Sandra and Keith, Philip, The National Conference on Women in Mathematics and the Sciences St. Cloud State U., 1989.

Kenyon, O. (editor), 1982, 800 Years of Women's Letters, Penguin Books.

Kirby et al, Engineering in History Dover Publications, New York, 1990

Lunardini, Christine, What every American should know about women's history, Adams Media Corp. 1997

Macdonald, Anne L. Feminine Ingenuity, how women inventors changed America, Ballentine Books, 1992

Mozans, H.J., 1913, Woman in Science, D. Appleton and Company.

Oates, J., 1979, Babylon, Thomas and Hudsons, Ltd, London.

Ogilvie, Marilyn B., 1986, Women in Science, MIT Press, Cambridge. [eds. There are a lot of references here so that you can follow very closely where the information came from.]

Ed: O'Neill, Lois Decker The Women's Book of World Records and Achievements, Da Capo Press. 1979

Olsen, Lynn M. 1974, Women in Mathematics, Cambridge, The MIT Press.

de Pisan, Christine, 1982, The Book of the City of Ladies, trans. E.J. Richards, Persea Books

Read, Phyllis J. and Witlieb, Bernard L. 1992, The Book of Women's Firsts, New York, Random House.

Pomeroy, Sarah B. Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves, Schocken Books. 1975

Ed: Selby, Cecily Cannan, Women in Science and Engineering. Choices for Success, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 869, 1999

Showell, Ellen H. and Fred M.B. Amram From Indian Corn to Outer Space, Women Invent in America,

Stone, M., 1976,When God was a Woman, Dial Press.

Temple, Robert The Genius of China, Simon and Schuster New York, 1986.

Weisbard, P. H. (editor) The history of Women and science, health and technology, a bibliographic guide to the professions and the disciplines. second edition, 1993, University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian.

Wertheim, Margaret Pythagoras' Trousers, Times Books, 1995

Williams, Trevor, I. The History of Invention, Facts on File Pub., 1987


Stephenson, R., 1984, "Astronomy in the monasteries," New Scientist, 19, April, page 27.

"The innovative woman," New Scientist, 24, May 1984, page 10.

"SAGE, a scholarly journal on black women," Science and Technology, Vol VI, No 2, 1989.

Hezenberg, C. L., Meschel, S. V., and Altena, J. A., "Women Scientists and Physicians of Antiquity and the Middle Ages," 1991, The Journal of Chemical Education, Vol 68, 101-105.

"Women in science, 1992, Science magazine, vol 255, 1325-1480.

Buyske, S.G., 1993, American Mathematical Monthly, 100, 9, pg 845.

"Minorities '93 Trying to change the face of science," 1993, SCIENCE magazine, Vol 262, 961-1180.

"Oh I Thought You Were A Man." Science, 243, 27 Jan 1989, book review by William Booth

"Gender and Science: Women in American Astronomy, 1859-1940." Physics Today, March 1990. John Lankford and Rickey Slavigs.

"Minorities in Science," Science, 13 Nov, 1992

Biographies, general and specific

The Book of Distinguished American Women, Vincent Wilson, Jr. American History Research Assoc. Pub. 1983

Mothers of Invention, Ethlie Ann Vare and Greg Ptacek, William Morrow and Co. Inc, NY 1988.

The Remarkable Lives of 100 Women Healers and Scientists, Brooke Bailey

Nobel Prize Women in Science, Sharon Bertsch McGrayne ISBN 1-55972-146-4

Math Equals - Biographies of Women mathematicians ISBN 0-201-05709-3

The Scientist Within You, experiments and biographies of distinguished women in science by Rebecca Lowe Warren and Mary H. Thompson ISBN 1-884414-12-5 and 1-884414-16-8

The Book of Women - 300 Notable Women History Passed By, Lynne Griffin and Kelly McCann, 1992, Bob Adams, Inc

Women who dared. Library of Congress postcards, 1993

Daughters of the Cause. Women of the Civil War Daisy Publishing. 1993

Uppity Women of Ancient Times, Vicki Leon, Conari Press, 1995

Uppity Women of Medieval Times, Vicki Leon, Conari Press, 1997

Uppity Women of the Renaissance, Vicki Leon, Conari Press, 1999

An Alarming History of Famous Patients, Richard Gordon. St. Martin's Press. 1997

The Exaltation of Inanna, 1969, Yale University Press, W. Hallow, trans. Bablyon, J. Oates, 1979, Thomas and Hudons, Ltd London

G.Mamoudi G. Muller, Physics Today, letters, Nov 1983.

Black Wings, Von Hardesty, D. Pisano, published by Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institute Press, 1983.

Magic Moments in Software, Deborah Sojka and Philip Dorn. Datamation.

Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, Ed. K Haramundanis. Cambridge U Press, 1984

Women's Work, Vera Rubin. Science, July 1986

My Daughter Beatrice, Edward Hill, American Physcial Society, New York 1986

A Woman Doctor's Civil War, Ed. Gerald Schwartz, U South Carolina Press, 1986

Vita, Annie Jump Cannon, Harvard Magazine, by Margaret Walton Mayall.

The Industrious Mrs. Fleming, Astronomy, July 1990 by Jospeh Spradley.

Emmy Noether, 1885-1935. A. Dick.

Bessie and Sadie: the Delany Sisters relive a century, Smithsonian Magazine, 1990

"Sophie Germain", Scientific American, Dec 1991, page 117, by Amy Dahan

800 Years of Women's Letters, ed: O. Kenyon, 1992 Penguin Books

Having Our Say, The Delany Sisters' First 100 Years, Sarah and A. Elizabeth Delany with Amy Hill Hearth. Kodansha International,New York, 1993.

American Mathematical Monthly, S.G. Buyske, 100, 9, 1993, page 845

Hypatia of Alexandria, Maria Dzielska, Havard University Press, 1995.

Lisa Meitner, A Life in Physics, Ruth Lewin Sime U of California Press, 1996.

Here are other articles, books and resources that we haven't used directly but that we know about.


Scott, Charlotte Agnas, 1980, Geometry, Boston, Houghton Mifflin.

Egsgard, John (and others), 1988, Making Connections with Mathematics, Providence, Janson.

Grinstein, Lousie and Campbell, Paul (eds), 1987, Women and Mathematics: A Bibliographic Sourcebook, Westport, Greenwood.

Hezenberg, Caroline L., 1986, Women Scientists from Antiquity to the Present: An Index, West Cornwall: Locust Hill Press.

Keller, E. E. 1983 A Feeling for the Organism. The Life and Work of Barbara McClintock, San Francisco: Freeman.

McGrayne, Sharon B. 1998 Nobel Prize Women in Science: Their Lives, Struggles, and Momentous Discoveries, (publisher info not available).

Perl, Teri, 1978, Math Equals, Menlo Park, Addison-Wesley.

Perl, Teri and Manning, Joan, 1985, Women, Numbers, and Dreams, Santa Rosa, National Women's History Project.

Reimer, Luetta and Reimer, Wilbert, 1990, Mathematicians are People too, Menlo Park, Dale Seymour.

Shteir, Ann B., 1996, Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora's Daughters and Botany in England 1760 to 1860, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press.


"Julia Robertson: Functional Equations in Arithmetic" and "Karen K. Uhlenbeck: Moment Maps in Stable Bundles: Where Analysis, Algebra, and Topology Meet," 1988, Association for Women in Mathematics Newsletter, 2-3; 9-10.

Coolidge, Julian L., 1957, "Six Female Mathematicians," Scripta Mathematica 17, 20-31.

Frank, Allan Dodds, 1982, "Older than UNIVAC" (Grace Hopper, U.S.N.), Forbes, August 30, 141.

"The Grand Old Lady of Software" (Grace Hopper). 1983, Newsweek, May 9.

Iocabacci, Rora F., 1970, "Women of Mathematics," The Mathematics Teacher, 63, 329-337.

Kenshaft, Patricia, 1981, "Black Women in Mathematics in the United States," American Mathematical Monthly, 88, 592-604.

Kramer, Edna E., 1957, "Six More Female Mathematicians," Scripta Mathematica, 23, 83-95.

"What Lies Ahead" (Grace Hopper), 1989, Byte Magazine, January, 343-345.

Other Resources

Association for Women in Mathematics, Box 178, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181.

EQUALS, Lawrence Hall of Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720.

Math/Science Network, 2727 College Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94705.

National Women's History Project, P. O. Box 3716, Santa Rosa, CA 95402.

Women's Educational Equity Act Publishing Center, Eduation Development Center, 55 Chapel Street, Newton, MA 02160.

Women's Resource Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720.

See also references from LSU on women in science and references from The Ada Project (TAP).

A link to women in STEM by Joe McFarrin that contains some links to good resources. This is a commercial site, and we post it here simply for the links.

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